Top 10 Advantages of Wind Energy
In this article, we will discuss all the advantages of wind energy. So, let us first understand what is wind energy.
What is wind energy?
Wind energy is obviously obtained from the wind, and this is one of the main advantages of wind energy. The kinetic movement of the wind provides the energy in ‘wind energy’ itself. It provides mechanical power for a wind turbine. This mechanical power is then converted into electrical energy by a generator.
To truly understand wind energy well have to take a closer look at turbines and how they function.
Wind turbine components:
- Connection to the electric grid
- Access ladder
- Wind orientation control (Yaw control)
- Electric or Mechanical Brake
- Rotor blade
- Blade pitch control
- Rotor hub
Wind turbines are devices that convert the force from the movement of the wind into electricity. There are two main types:
- Horizontal axis types
- Vertical axis types
Smaller wind turbines are used domestically, while slightly larger ones can be used for making small contributions to the domestic power supply and for utility suppliers through the electric grid.
A wind farm is an array of wind turbines (Horizontal axis type) in the same location for the purpose of generating electricity. The wind farm is one of the advantages of wind power in agriculture. These are some examples of large offshore wind farms:
- Muppandal wind farm in India
- Jaisalmer wind park in India
- Gansu wind farm in China
- Alta (Oak creek-Mojave) in the United States
- Shepherds flat wind farm in the United States, etc.
Advantages of wind power
Wind Energy Is Renewable & Sustainable
The wind is everywhere, it’s an unlimited source of energy, therefore unlike reserves of fossil fuels (such as crude oil, gas, and coal) it will never run out, this is one of the advantages of wind energy as a source of electricity. This makes wind energy a viable option for future energy generation.
It has no negative effects on the environment
Wind energy is one of the most environmentally friendly energy sources known to man. It does not pollute the environment while generating energy. Most non-renewable energy sources require burning. This process releases gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) into the atmosphere. These are dangerous gases that impact the environment negatively. But, these factors have no negative impacts on the earth and water bodies.
It reduces the consumption of fossil fuel
Generating electricity from wind energy reduces the need for us to burn fossil fuels. This helps reduce the harmful substances obtained from burning these fossil fuels at the same time preserves them for use elsewhere.
Wind Energy is Free
Unlike other energy sources (non-renewable sources), the wind is readily available and free for everyone to use. Utility companies freely use it to power wind turbines which are often part of wind farms. People use the wind freely for all sorts of purposes e.g. kites, wind vanes, etc.
Wind turbines don’t take up much space
Wind turbines take up relatively small land space. Even though they tower high above the land, the pressure they exert on the surface of the earth is small. Even though they are placed on farms, Farmers can still work on their fields, livestock can move about, and fishermen can still scour the sea for fish. This is one of the advantages of wind power in agriculture. Both Industrial & Domestic Wind Turbines Are Available.
Wind energy can provide energy at remote locations
One can erect a wind turbine anywhere as long as there is the wind. And, the wind is pretty much everywhere. It also takes up little space allowing it to be built in places where they are too far from the main electric power supply connection. It’s probably not easy or too expensive to connect these places to the main power source making wind energy the best alternative.
Wind Turbines Are Low Maintenance
Wind turbines require little maintenance, with modern turbines lasting several months between maintenance checkups. Older turbines may be faulty due to technological issues, but they are still usable and can be maintained at relatively low costs.
It Has Huge Potential
Wind energy is everywhere, making it widely accessible. Wind turbines only require sufficient wind speeds to function. Therefore, they are placed anywhere and provide power to any location no matter the distance or environment. Wind energy is more stable than most other sources of energy and is unlikely to fail. This is why it is with a lot of investment so as to ensure better energy supply in the future.
It increases Energy Security
By generating electricity with wind energy we reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. Countries often have to get their fossil fuels from other countries. War, politics, and demand for such foods control their price. This can sometimes cause serious economic problems and/or supply shortages. A country can reduce its dependence on external supplies of fossil fuel by using a local renewable energy source like wind energy, thereby increasing its energy security.
wind energy production is a large industry, this industry has produced many jobs relating to different aspects like technical staff, academic experts and others. This helps reduce the burden of unemployment in a country.
These are the 10 advantages of wind energy. But, I want you to know that there are still many more advantages of wind energy. For example, wind energy is relatively cheap. As wind energy is free to use, its running costs are low. Utility companies only have to set up their machines and equipment and they can start getting power from the wind free of charge.
There are even special advantages that affect only certain regions. Wind energy is, and will probably always be one of the prime sources of energy.